At HASTAC, Resources for Academic Live-Bloggers

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I posted a selection of resources I’ve found useful for academic live-blogging on my HASTAC blog, hoping someone else finds them useful too.

Resources for Academic Live-Bloggers

Originally posted on my HASTAC blog on 10/3/2012 – 10:46am.

[4 October 08:40am BST Update: last night the Guardian published my article “Live-tweeting at academic conferences: 10 rules of thumb”. It can be read here.]

Workers unite clipart by boobaloo available at

There are very interesting resources out there that can be useful for those interested in academic live-blogging or live-tweeting. My approach comes from an arts and humanities perspective, and other disciplines might have different concerns. Those in the medical sciences, for example, might have to check the research guidelines of their institutions and professional associations before engaging in the live sharing of third-party content. In the arts and humanities we are still catching up with the challenges posed by social media (these challenges are not necessarily exclusive of social media and therefore are not particularly new).  Due to the very flexible nature of social media (nothing ever remains the same and things can change very quickly) it is important to be willing to adapt existing resources to specific requirments or circumstances.

Live-blogging is essentially a form of reporting and a way of engaging with real life events and with their reports. It is a form of broadcasting content. It is also a form of research. Guidelines from journalism and research ethics (particularly Internet-Mediated Research) can be very helpful for those working with social media to report academic events as they take place. Academia in the arts and humanities has been relatively slow in the adoption of social media for professional communications and in my view the discussion of issues arising from it shows this, particularly when contrasted with similar discussions in say media or journalism studies. It is in these fields where we can find very interesting resources that we as humanities scholars can adapt to our own settings.

What follows is a quick list of some of the resources I would like to recommend. Obviously there is much more out there. Please note many of the following resources do not specifically refer to arts and humanities academic conference live-tweeting; my suggestion is that there is useful information there we could learn from and adapt to our own needs and purposes.


Twitter Terms of Service <>

Twitter Guidelines, Best Practices, Policies <>

Knight Digital Media Center Twitter for Journalists Engagement Tutorials <>

Minocha, S. and Petre, M. (2012). Handbook of social media for researchers and supervisors <>

Priego, E. (2011). “How Twitter will revolutionise academic research and teaching”. Guardian Higher Education Network Learning and Teaching Hub. <>

Stempeck, M. “How to Live Blog Events with a Team”. MIT Center for Civic Media. <>


“Introduction to the Special Issue: Research Ethics in Online Communities”, by Aleks Krotoski. International Journal of Internet Research Ethics Issue 3.1, December 2010. Available from <>

The British Psychological Society. “Report of the Working Party on Conducting Research on the Internet. Guidelines for ethical practice in psychological research online”. [PDF] <>

International Review of Information Ethics, Issue No. 017, Vol. 17 – July 2012. Ethics of Secrecy, edited by Daniel Nagel, Matthias Rath, Michael Zimmer. <>

“How do I cite a tweet?” Modern Language Association Style Guide FAQ, <>
Lee, C. “How to Cite Twitter and Facebook, Part I, General” American Pyschological Association Style Blog, <>.
McKenzie, A. (2012). “Don’t let e-safety worries be a barrier to using social media in school”. Guardian Teacher Network Blog. <>

Blogging and Social Media Guidelines, Best Practices and/or Policies

Afderheide, P., Clark, J. et al, (2009). Scan and Analysis of Best Practices in Digital Journalism In and Outside U.S. Public Broadcasting. Center for Social Media. <>.

Belam, M. (2012). “Forcing Hari to link only shows up how much the rest of the news industry doesn’t”. <>.

Boudreaux, C. (2009-2012). Online Database of Social Media Policies. Social Media Governance. <>

Center for Social Media. Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Online Video. <>

British Broadcasting Corporation. Social Networking, Microblogs and other Third Party Websites: BBC Use. Guidance in Full. <>

Editorial Integrity for Public Media. Principles, Policies and Practices. <>

Fitzpatrick, K. (2012). “Advice on Academic Blogging, Tweeting, Whatever”. Planned Obsolescence. <>.

Giussani, B., and Zuckerman, E. (2007). Tips for Conference Bloggers.  <>

Global Voices Wiki Author Guidelines <>

International Olympic Committee (2012). IOC Social Media, Blogging and Internet Guidelines for participants and other accredited persons at the London 2012 Olympic Games. [PDF] <>

Research on Academic Social Media

Golbeck, J., Grimes, J. M., and Rogers, A. (2010). “Twitter use by the U.S. Congress”. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, doi:10.1002/asi.21344

Holcomb, J., Gross, K. and Mitchell, A. (2010). “How Mainstream Media Outlets Use Twitter”. <>.
Journalist’s Resource. “Twitter, politics and the public: Research roundup” <>

Junco, R. (2011). “The need for student social media policies”. [PDF] Educause Review. <>

Junco, R., Dahms, A. R. et al. (2010). “Media review: #sachat on Twitter”. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 47(2), 251-254. <>

Ross, C. Terras, M. Warwick, C. and Welsh, A. (2011). “Enabled Backchannel: Conference Twitter Use by Digital Humanists. Journal of Documentation. Vol. 67 Iss: 2, pp.214 – 237. <>

Zhao, D., & Rosson, M. B. (2009). “How and why people Twitter: The role that micro-blogging plays in informal communication at work”. In Proceedings of the ACM 2009 International Conference on Supporting Group Work (pp. 243–252). Sanibel Island, Florida, USA: ACM. doi:10.1145/1531674.1531

Disclosure: no one paid me to do this post.

Clip art by boobaloo